Risk Factors

Certain risk factors may increase the chance of developing colorectal cancer. Age is the primary risk factor, with more than 90% of cases diagnosed in individuals over the age of 50. A family history of colorectal cancer, polyps, or an inflammatory bowel disease increases the risk of getting colon cancer. Preventable lifestyle risks include smoking, alcohol consumption, obesity, physical inactivity, and high-fat/low fiber diet. Recent studies have also suggested that estrogen (with or without progesterone) replacement therapy and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, such as Asprin, may reduce colorectal cancer risk (66).

Comprehensive Cancer Control Plan

The Cherokee Nation Comprehensive Cancer Control (CNCCC) Project assists in the development of networks and collaboration that produce an infrastructure for a comprehensive approach to cancer within the Cherokee Nation. Since 2003, coalition members and partners have come together to discuss the burden of cancer in Cherokee Nation. Coalition members and partners include local, regional, state and national representatives committed to identifying areas of cancer concern, planning interventions, prioritizing greatest areas of identified need, and then implementing identified strategies and/or providing needed resources. This is the second edition of the Cherokee Nation Comprehensive Cancer Control Plan and will serve, like the first, as an information resource for health care professionals and community members, as well as a tool for the Cherokee Nation Comprehensive Cancer Control Coalition and its respective entities. The coalition is committed to the process of enhancing infrastructure for comprehensive cancer control in the Cherokee Nation with the ultimate goal of reducing morbidity and mortality among the Cherokee community.